betway必威官网The Economist 词汇解析(24)

By admin in 技术中心 on 2019年7月27日

****上图中产品,若没有特别注意的话,还真不见得猜得出来是什么样的产品。在第一时间看到产品下方的板子,是可以猜出这是关于太阳能的产品。但事实上,它并不是仅仅只有太阳能而已,上方更是风力相关的设计,是个混合风力与太阳能两种动力来源的发电机。—-<Computex
2009: Wind-Solar Power Generator from SOLYTECH>The product featured
in above photo is a little bit hard to guess what it is without closer
attention. From the outset, the solar panels below reveals its some
solar-power related product. However, it’s more than just a solar panel.
The design features on the top is for wind power, the product itself is
a power generator which combines both wind-powered and solar-powered
energy sources.To put in more understandable terms, an average household
in Taiwan uses 200 kW.h electricity per winter month. This combined
power generator can supply around 130 kW.h, which means more than half
of an average household’s electricity usage. Of course, this is just a
quick fact that manufacturer gave us, the actual performance will be
depend on, well, the weather.

本期原文选自The Economist 2017-02-25的文章Clean energy’s dirty
secret,释义来自牛津高阶七版、有道词典等资源。如果您也在学习The
Economist,欢迎订阅我的文集The
Economist
,一起学习交流。

以最具体一般可以了解的用「度」来说,印象中台湾冬季,一户人家平均用电,一个月不到两百度。而混合这个两种动力来源的发电机,大约可支持一百三十几度的电。换句话说,可以负担一户人家半个月以上的用电量。当然,这只是厂商给我们有一个很快速的概念,实际能够有多少的电量,自然还是要看天气吃饭啦。betway必威官网 1此外,在同个摊位中,还有「Power」这样的产品,不过上图中的Power与我们一般电脑机壳内的Power不同。而是LCD
TV中的一块薄型设计(上图中间咖啡色的那块,厂商要设计出薄型电视,自然Power也要走相同的设计)。<From
the same showroom, there are also ‘power’ modules on display. This
‘power’ is not the ordinary power supply used in PC, but a slim circuit
board used in LCD TV, as pictured above, the brown coloured board in the
center.>betway必威官网 2嗯,看到正面,应该猜得到这是韩国某大厂的液晶电视吧。

Clean energy’s dirty secret

The renewables【1】 revolution is wrecking【2】 the
world’s electricity markets. Here’s what to do

<Judge from the front panel, it’s most likely a LCD TV from one major
Korean manufacturer>

【1】renewables 可再生能源

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【2】wreck破坏,毁坏

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ALMOST 150 years after photovoltaic cells【3】 and wind
turbines【4】
were invented, they still generate only 7% of the
world’s electricity. Yet something remarkable is happening. From being
peripheral to the energy system just over a decade ago, they are now
growing faster than any other energy source and their falling costs
are making them competitive with fossil fuels【5】. BP, an oil
firm, expects renewables to account for half of the growth in global
energy supply over the next 20 years. It is no longer
far-fetched【6】 to think that the world is entering an era of
clean, unlimited and cheap power. About time, too.

【3】photovoltaic cell光伏电池

【4】wind turbine风力涡轮机

【5】fossil fuel化石燃料,矿物燃料

【6】far-fetched 牵强附会,难以置信的

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There is a $20trn hitch【7】, though. To get from here to there
requires huge amounts of investment over the next few decades, to
replace old smog-belching【8】 power plants and to upgrade the
pylons【9】 and wires that bring electricity to consumers.
Normally investors like putting their money into electricity because
it offers reliable returns. Yet green energy has a dirty secret. The
more it is deployed, the more it lowers the price of power from any
source. That makes it hard to manage the transition to a carbon-free
future, during which many generating technologies, clean and dirty,
need to remain profitable if the lights are to stay on. Unless the
market is fixed, subsidies to the industry will only grow.

【7】hitch钩住(v),困难,故障,结(n);get hitched 结婚

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【8】belch喷(大量)出,吐出,打嗝

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【9】pylon电缆塔

Policymakers are already seeing this inconvenient truth as a reason to
put the brakes on renewable energy. In parts of Europe and China,
investment in renewables is slowing as subsidies are cut
back【10】
. However, the solution is not less wind and solar. It is
to rethink how the world prices clean energy in order to make better
use of it.

【10】cut back (on sth)削减,减少

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Shock to the system

At its heart, the problem is that government-supported renewable
energy has been imposed on a market designed in a different era. For
much of the 20th century, electricity was made and moved by vertically
integrated, state-controlled monopolies. From the 1980s onwards, many
of these were broken up, privatised and liberalised, so that market
forces could determine where best to invest. Today only about 6% of
electricity users get their power from monopolies. Yet everywhere the
pressure to decarbonise【11】 power supply has brought the state
creeping back into【12】 markets. This is disruptive for three
reasons. The first is the subsidy system itself. The other two are
inherent to the nature of wind and solar: their intermittency and
their very low running costs. All three help explain why power prices
are low and public subsidies are addictive.

【11】decarbonise除碳,脱碳;de-去掉,除掉,……反义

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【12】creep in/into sth 开始发生(或影响)

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First, the splurge【13】 of public subsidy, of about $800bn
since 2008, has distorted the market. It came about for noble reasons—
to counter climate change and prime the pump【14】 for new,
costly technologies, including wind turbines and solar
panels【15】
. But subsidies hit【16】 just as electricity
consumption in the rich world was stagnating because of growing energy
efficiency and the financial crisis. The result was a glut【17】
of power-generating capacity that has slashed the revenues utilities
earn from wholesale power markets and hence deterred investment.

【13】splurge挥霍,乱花钱

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【14】prime the pump投资振兴

betway必威官网 12

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